A major WWII operation by the Polish resistance Home Army to liberate Warsaw from Nazi Germans. By July 1944, the forces of Germany had occupied Poland for almost 5 years. The Polish Home Army, loyal to the Polish government in exile, had long planned insurrection against the occupiers.
The initial plan of the Home Army was to link up with the invading forces of the Western Allies. In 1944 the rebellion was timed to coincide with the Soviet Union's Red Army approach of the city’s eastern suburbs, and the retreat of German forces. The Soviet advance suddenly stopped,enabling the Germans toregroup and demolish the city while defeating the Polish resistance, which fought for 63 days – from August 1st until October 2nd 1944 – with little outside support.
The Uprising was the largest single military effort untaken by any European resistance movement during WWII. Over the course of 63 days, 267,000 people died, mostly civilians killed by German Wehrmacht and SS in mass street executions – an amount equalling the number of September 11 World Trade Centre victims but daily. 84% of the city was blasted into ruin. Every year, on the anniversary of the Uprising on August 1st at 17:00 – the so called 'W-hour' – to commemorate those who died, all the sirens of the city are turned on and all traffic stops.
Interactive Warsaw Rising Museum. The museum is designed to tell the story of the Rising, the part of WWII history that changed the whole of Warsaw, and to show all of its aspects and convey its significance. This is a MUST SEE!!! Open Mon, Wed, Fri 8:00-16:00, Sat, Sun 10:00-18:00, Thu 8:00-20:00. Free on Sundays, Closed Tuesdays. Everything in the museum is subtitled in English. Ticket 14 PLN, 'The City of Ruins' film – 2PLN, www.1944.pl